Lord Chancellor

   The Lord Chancellor has traditionally held both political and judicial responsibilities, the office being a defiance of the principle of the separation of powers. The Lord Chancellor has been a member of the Cabinet, presides over the House of Lords and is head of the judiciary, as such having responsibility for a wide range of judicial appointments and for the operation of the machinery of the courts.
   The situation has undergone change, following the passage of the Constitutional Reform Act (2005). As Prime Minister, Tony Blair originally intended to abolish the position and transfer many of the functions to the newly created office of Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs. But it was retained and the holder of the Cabinet post also held the ancient office of Lord Chancellor. Since May 2007, the Lord Chancellor is also Secretary of State for Justice, a post that has superseded that for Constitutional Affairs. The judicial functions of the Lord Chancellor (as opposed to his role in the administration of the court system) have been removed. The Lord Chancellor can in future be from either the House of Commons or the House of Lords. He no longer acts as Speaker of the House of Lords and performs a much reduced role in relation to the judiciary, having ceded his powers to the Lord Chief Justice.

Glossary of UK Government and Politics . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Lord Chancellor — n: an official in the British judicial system whose duties include heading the Chancery Division and presiding over the Supreme Court of Judicature and the House of Lords in its judicial capacity Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam… …   Law dictionary

  • Lord Chancellor —   [lɔːd tʃɑːnsələ], Lọrdkanzler, Lord High Chancellor [ haɪ ], Lord Großkanzler, der höchste Justizbeamte in Großbritannien, Vorsitzender der obersten Berufungsgerichte und der Chancery Division des High Court of Justice, als Justizminister… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lord Chancellor — Lord Chan|cel|lor, the the most important official in the legal system of England and Wales. The Lord Chancellor gives legal advice to the King or Queen, chooses new judges, and decides whether or not a law needs to be changed. He is also the… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Lord Chancellor — Lord Chan|cel|lor [ tʃɑ:nsələ] der; s, s u. Lọrd|kanz|ler der; s, s: <aus gleichbed. engl. Lord Chancellor> höchster engl. Staatsbeamter; Präsident des Oberhauses u. des Obersten Gerichtshofes …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Lord Chancellor — ► NOUN ▪ (in the UK) the highest officer of the Crown, presiding in the House of Lords, the Chancery Division, or the Court of Appeal …   English terms dictionary

  • Lord Chancellor — For other uses, see Lord Chancellor (disambiguation). Not to be confused with the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain …   Wikipedia

  • Lord Chancellor — pl. Lord Chancellors. the highest judicial officer of the British crown: law adviser of the ministry, keeper of the great seal, presiding officer in the House of Lords, etc. Also called Lord High Chancellor. [1490 1500] * * * British official who …   Universalium

  • Lord Chancellor — Sir Thomas Morus als Lordkanzler. (Hans Holbein der Jüngere, 1527) Der Hohe Lordkanzler von Großbritannien (The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain) oder Lordkanzler ist einer der höchsten und wichtigsten Würdenträger in der Regierung des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lord Chancellor — Lord Chan′cellor n. pl. Lord Chancellors gov the highest judicial officer of the British crown: ministry law adviser, presiding officer in the House of Lords, etc. Also called Lord′ High Chan′cellor …   From formal English to slang

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